Epidemiological data support contribution of several dietary and other lifestyle-related factors to the development of high blood pressure BP. Several clinical trials investigated the efficacy of non-pharmacological interventions and lifestyle modifications to reduce BP. Trials where food was provided to participants were more successful in showing a BP-lowering effect. However, clinical studies with long-term follow-up revealed that lifestyle modifications were difficult to maintain. Findings from controlled trials of increased potassium, calcium, or magnesium intake, or reduction in alcohol intake revealed modest BP-lowering effects and are less conclusive. The reported effects of exercise independent of weight loss on BP are inconsistent. Epidemiological studies implicated several dietary and other lifestyle-related factors contributing to hypertension development. Extensive published evidence supports the concept that non-pharmacological interventions, more recently referred to as lifestyle modifications, can substantially reduce blood pressure BP in both individuals with established hypertension and those with prehypertension. Evidence also indicates that BP reduction decreases risk of poor CV outcomes, even in those with prehypertension. Since then, there were several major clinical trials exploring the efficacy of lifestyle modifications to reduce BP.
Kidney Int. J Am Soc Nephrol. Most types have to mg of sodium per ounce. There were no interventions in the control group. See also hypertensive crises. Belles DR. Carbohydrates in the diet are mainly composed of cellulose and starches. DASH diet can be pertinent to the prevention of chronic heart failure and its management.
DASH diet can be pertinent to the prevention of chronic heart failure and its management. Vital signs in the office are as follows: T Since then, det were several major clinical trials exploring the efficacy of lifestyle modifications to reduce.