How much do daily habits like diet and exercise affect your risk for cancer? More than you might think. The good news is that you can do something about this. Besides quitting smoking, some of the most important things you can do to help reduce your cancer risk are. The evidence for this is strong. Getting to and staying at a healthy weight is important to reduce the risk of cancer and other chronic diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes. Being overweight or obese increases the risk of several cancers, including those of the breast in women past menopause, colon and rectum, endometrium the lining of the uterus, esophagus, pancreas, liver, and kidney, as well as several others. Being overweight can increase cancer risk in many ways. One of the main ways is that excess weight causes the body to make and circulate more estrogen and insulin, hormones that can stimulate cancer growth. One of the best ways to get an idea if you are at a healthy weight is to check your body mass index BMI, a score based on the relationship between your height and weight. Use our easy online BMI calculator to find out your score.
Women who have undergone treatment of breast cancer are particularly susceptible to lymphoedema of the arm Download the PDF of the booklet to learn 31 risk-reducing steps you can take today. This relationship is strongest for colorectal cancer. More than you might think. Liver cancer can be a primary cancer that starts in the liver, or a secondary cancer that starts in another part of the body and spreads to the liver Cancer treatments Breast cancer and oestrogen There are different types of breast cancer, and around 70 per cent are sensitive to the female sex hormone oestrogen Children Information about a therapy, service, product or treatment does not in any way endorse or support such therapy, service, product or treatment and is not intended to replace advice from your doctor or other registered health professional. Cruciferous vegetables.
By continuing to use the site you agree to their use. Accept Learn more. One of the biggest risk factors for cancer is being overweight or obese. Eating ‘fast foods’ such as chips and fried chicken or other processed foods that are high in fat and sugar like chocolate, crisps and biscuits can make you gain weight, and there is strong evidence that being overweight or obese is a cause of 12 types of cancer. Diets rich in fibre eg wholegrains, vegetables and fruit can protect against bowel cancer. This may be because fibre helps to move food more quickly through the bowel. There is also strong evidence that eating a fibre-rich diet that is high in wholegrains can protect against weight gain, being overweight and obese, which are linked to an increased risk of 12 cancers. This makes it one of the most important ways to help protect against cancer.