Effects of a mediterranean-style diet on the need for antihyperglycemic drug therapy in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes: A randomized trial. And I believe willpower is way overrated. Besides T2DM, a recent multicentre observational study among pregnant women from ten Mediterranean countries also supports an inverse association between adherence to the MD and the likelihood of gestational DM [ 17 ]. Learn More. Slowing down and taking the time to enjoy a meal instead of eating on the go or in front of the television can help improve our health and make our meals feel more satisfying. Anti-inflammatory effects of the mediterranean diet: The experience of the predimed study. There’s a good reason the Mediterranean diet was voted best diet overall and best diet for diabetes by U. Low intake of red and processed meats, butter, and sweets. Mediterranean Diet and Risk of Diabetes Given the life-threatening complications of DM that can lead to severe disability or premature death, strategies aiming to prevent the disease are of major public health importance.
The aim of the present review is to examine current scientific knowledge on the association between the Mediterranean diet and diabetes mellitus mostly type 2 diabetes. A definition of the Mediterranean diet and the tools widely used to evaluate adherence to this traditional diet Mediterranean diet indices are briefly presented. The review focuses on epidemiological data linking adherence to the Mediterranean diet with the risk of diabetes development, as well as evidence from interventional studies assessing the effect of the Mediterranean diet on diabetes control and the management of diabetes-related complications. The above mentioned data are explored on the basis of evaluating the Mediterranean diet as a whole dietary pattern, rather than focusing on the effect of its individual components. Possible protective mechanisms of the Mediterranean diet against diabetes are also briefly discussed. Diabetes mellitus DM is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia, resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Long considered a disease of minor significance, in the 21st century, DM represents one of the main threats to human health. In , an estimated million individuals worldwide are suffering from DM, with type 2 diabetes mellitus T2DM accounting for most cases [ 1 ]. Although it is well established that both genetic and environmental factors contribute to the development and progression of T2DM, the recent dramatic increase in its prevalence seems to result mainly from the major lifestyle changes observed in modern societies [ 2 ]. Fortunately, lifestyle factors, including dietary and physical activity habits, are largely modifiable and are currently targeted as a mean to prevent and treat the disease.
Add fish to your menu a couple times each week. In addition to helping with blood sugar control, a Mediterranean-style diet offers benefits to these parts of the body and others. People who live in countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea have traditionally eaten health-promoting diets. We often refer to the Mediterranean diet, but there really is no one traditional diet in this region because the typical foods varied from country to country. Diets in the Mediterranean region are also rich in nuts, olive oil and fish. Meals are seasoned with abundant herbs and spices, which actually contain the same types of health-boosting phytonutrients that are present in fruits and vegetables. Dinner might include a glass of wine, but not several. Fruit is a more common dessert than baked goods. Meals are eaten leisurely, which may help prevent overeating.