Diarrhea is defined as the frequent passage of watery, loose stools, accompanied by an excessive loss of fluid and electrolytes. Another standard definition of diarrhea is passing more than three liquid bowel movements daily, or more than one litre of stool from an ileostomy or colostomy per day. Diarrhea occurs because the contents of the gastrointestinal tract are moving too rapidly, causing less fluid and nutrients to be absorbed. Diarrhea is classified into four categories: osmotic, secretory, exudative, or rapid intestinal transit diarrhea. Osmotic diarrhea is caused by the presence of solutes in the gastrointestinal tract that are poorly absorbed and produce an osmotic effect. The osmotic effect is the movement of water from low solute concentration to high solute concentration. The causes of osmotic diarrhea may be lactose intolerance, fat malabsorption, dumping syndrome after gastric surgery, or certain medications i. Secretory diarrhea occurs when there is an over secretion of water and salts in the intestine, which is caused by bacterial toxins Clostridium difficile, E. Exudative diarrhea is associated with damage to the intestinal mucosa, leading to the release or oozing of mucus, blood, and plasma proteins from cells as result of inflammation or injury. Finally, rapid intestinal transit diarrhea is defined as an increase in propulsive activity in the colon. When the colon contracts more intensely than normal, food is passed more quickly through the digestive system and less water is absorbed back into the body, making the stool too watery.
Even if you normally tolerate lactose, it can be more difficult to digest when you have diarrhea. As you begin to feel better, you can start easing back into a well-rounded diet of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. The body uses up its glycogen stores and is then forced to produce its own sugars, creating ketones, by burning fat. A restricted diet also makes it harder to eat enough calories each day and drink enough fluid to stay hydrated. Tips for Managing Diarrhea. A food intolerance occurs when your body cannot properly digest a specific food or the food irritates your digestive tract. Don’t be fooled by diet fads and cleanses that claim these symptoms are the result of eliminating nebulous toxins. Secretory diarrhea occurs when there is an over secretion of water and salts in the intestine, which is caused by bacterial toxins Clostridium difficile, E. Hatchette TF, Farina D. Mannitol and sorbitol linger in the stomach, Schiller says, which can result in bloating and diarrhea. Show comments. Give your stomach time to rest between light meals and snacks.
High-fiber vegetables include broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, artichokes, and peas. Foodborne illness is a common cause of diarrhea. Dairy : Avoid dairy products until your diarrhea improves. Changes in your body and your diet can cause occasional bouts of diarrhea during pregnancy. Consult your physician to determine if an anti-diarrheal medication is suitable for you. A drastic change in diet can lead to short-term discomfort — think grinding headaches, leaden sluggishness, embarrassing bloating and a hangry temper. A restricted diet also makes it harder to eat enough calories each day and drink enough fluid to stay hydrated. While it can be used for homemade soups, some consume it on its own as a warm drink. Carbonated beverages like seltzer water and soda may cause gas and bloating, although some people find sipping on flat ginger ale helps settle their stomach. Another standard definition of diarrhea is passing more than three liquid bowel movements daily, or more than one litre of stool from an ileostomy or colostomy per day. Start a food log.