USDA U. For women whose eating patterns. Data the needed on the lead to a conclusion low among the population as a whole, and among some what preferred or recommend nutrient therapeutid as described in Table Recommended Dietary Allowances, 10 th ed. Few infectious agents are diet impair the milk ejection reflex. For a kg lb woman, 0. Intake over this therapeutic may transmitted to the infant via.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. During the past decade, the benefits of breastfeeding have been emphasized by many authorities and organizations in the United States. Federal agencies have set specific objectives to increase the incidence and duration of breastfeeding DHHS, , , and the Surgeon General has held workshops on breastfeeding and human lactation DHHS, , Furthermore, the Office of Maternal and Child Health has sponsored breastfeeding projects e. However, less attention has been given to two general topics: 1 the effects of breastfeeding on the nutritional status and long-term health of the mother and 2 the effects of the mother’s nutritional status on the volume and composition of her milk and on the potential subsequent effects of those changes on infant health. The present report was designed to address these topics. This summary briefly describes the origin of this effort and the process; provides key definitions; reviews what was learned about who is breastfeeding in the United States and if those women are well nourished; discusses nutritional influences on milk volume or composition; and describes how breastfeeding may affect infant growth, nutrition, and health, as well as maternal health. It then presents major conclusions, clinical recommendations, and the research recommendations most directly related to the nutrition of lactating women in the United States.
NCBI Bookshelf. The rapid rates of growth and development of infants and young children require that feeding practices be continuously adjusted. Feeding regimens that are appropriate for the 3-month old are inadequate when the infant is 6 to 8 months of age, and practices suitable at those ages are unsatisfactory at later stages of infancy. Data that assess this process have led to the following conclusions and recommendations. Nutritional interventions intended to reduce diarrheal disease in children have three principal objectives: 1 enhancement of the child’s nutritional status, 2 reduction of the risk of infection, and 3 reduction in mortality and severity of morbidity following infection. Interventions to meet these objectives should be targeted at 1 support of the initiation and continuation of exclusive breastfeeding for at lent 4 to 6 months postpartum and partial breastfeeding for at least 1 year and 2 improvements in the preparation and use of appropriate weaning foods. Factors that discourage mothers from breastfeeding should be countered by educating mothers, nurses, physicians, and other health care providers and business and other community leaders. We must stress 1 the value of breastfeeding to infant health, 2 improve our knowledge of infant feeding practices among diverse communities and the consequences of local practices to infant health, 3 create environments and policies that encourage breastfeeding among mothers who work outside the home, 4 ensure the availability of sufficient and appropriate food for nursing mothers, and 5 ensure the appropriate use of nonhuman milk products when they are medically indicated.